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State Organs and Their Rule Making Powers Under The New Constıtutıon Of The Republic of Turkey

State Organs and Their Rule Making Powers Under The New Constıtutıon Of The Republic of Turkey

- Vedat Kitapçılık

Sayfa Sayısı
:  
140
Kitap Ölçüleri
:  
16*24
Basım Yılı
:  
2018
ISBN NO
:  
978-605-2203-07-1

30,00 TL











CONTENTS


 


Abbreviations................................................................ IX


Bibliography.................................................................. XI


 


INTRODUCTION


 


STATE ORGANS and


SEPARATION of FUNCTIONS


 


I.    AN OVERVIEW...................................................... 1


II. ORGANISATION OF THE TURKISH STATE.. 9


 


§ 1 - THE LEGISLATIVE ORGAN /


THE LEGISLATURE


 


I.    THE INSTITUTION.............................................. 12


II. FORMATION OF THE LEGISLATURE.......... 18   


III. STATUS OF THE MEMBERS OF


      PARLIAMENT...................................................... 20


      1. The Nature and Characteristic of the


          Representative Competency................................. 20


      2.     Immunities Enjoyed by the Members


          of Parliament......................................................... 21


          a.       Freedom of Speech - Parliamentary


              Immunity.......................................................... 22


          b. Immunity From Arrest - Legislative


              Immunity.......................................................... 23


IV. POWERS and DUTIES......................................... 24


      1. Making Acts......................................................... 24


      2. Terminating the Term of Office


          of the President..................................................... 32


V. RULE MAKING PROCEDURE.......................... 36


      1. Sessions  .............................................................. 36


      2.     Submission of Bills........................................... 37


      3.     The Quorums.................................................... 37


VI. THE INTERNAL PROCEDURE........................ 38


 


§ 2 - THE EXECUTIVE ORGAN


 


I.    THE INSTITUTION.............................................. 40


II.  DIFFERENT ORGANISATIONAL MODELS. 43


      1. The Unitary Type.................................................. 43


      2.     The Collegial Type............................................ 44


      3.     The Dualist Type............................................... 45


III. THE EXECUTIVE ORGAN UNDER


      TURKISH CONSTITUTION............................... 45


      1.     An Overview of the System............................. 45


      2. The President of the Republic of Turkey.............. 50


          a. Election of the President.................................. 50


          b. Organisational Powers of the President............ 51


          c. Rule Making Powers of the President.............. 57


              aa.  Presidential Decree..................................... 57


              bb. Presidential By-Law................................... 64


              cc. Indirect Power of the President


                    on the Drafting of the Acts........................ 66


          d. Penal Responsibility of the President............... 67


      3.     Vice-Presidents................................................. 72


      4.     The Ministerial Organisations........................... 75


 


§ 3 -  THE JUDICIAL ORGAN /


THE JUDICIARY


 


I.    THE INSTITUTION.............................................. 79


II. STATUS OF THE JUDGES................................. 81


      1.     Independence of the Judges............................. 81


      2.     Security of Tenure............................................ 83


III. ORGANISATION of the JUDICIAL ORGAN... 83


      1. Courts of General Jurisdiction.............................. 84


          a. The Courts of First Instance /


              The Local Courts.............................................. 85


          b. The Regional Courts......................................... 86


          c. The Court of Appeal......................................... 87


      2. Administrative Courts........................................... 88


          a. The Courts of First Instance /


              The Administrative Courts............................... 89


          b. The Regional Courts......................................... 90


          c. The Council of State......................................... 91 


          d. Administrative Actions..................................... 94


              aa.  Claims Actions............................................ 94 


              bb. Annulment Actions..................................... 94


      3. Court of Jurisdictional Disputes........................... 95


      4. Court of Constitution........................................... 96


          a. In General......................................................... 96


          b. Duties and Powers............................................ 97


          c. Judicial Review by the Constitutional Court.. 100


              aa.  Introduction.............................................. 100


              bb. Subject and Scope of the Judicial


                    Review ..................................................... 105


                    i.    Amendments to the Constitution........ 105


                    ii.   Acts..................................................... 106


                    iii. Presidential Decrees............................ 107


                    iv. House Regulation of the TGNA......... 108


              cc. Categories of Judicial Review................... 108


                    i.    Judicial Review Related to


                          Substance............................................ 108


                    ii.   Judicial Review Related to


                          Procedure............................................ 112


              dd. Methods/Means of Judicial Review......... 116


                    i.    Action for Annulment - Direct


                          Action................................................. 116


                    ii.   Plea of Unconstitutionality - Review


                          by way of Exceptio............................. 116


              cc. Effects of the Decisions of the


                    Court of Constitution............................... 118


IV. LAW MAKING POWERS.................................. 118


 


 


 


§ 4 - THE ADMINISTRATIVE ORGAN -


THE ADMINISTRATION


 


I.    THE INSTITUTION............................................ 121


      1.     An Overview.................................................. 121


      2.     Historical Development.................................. 124


II. THE ORGANISATION OF THE


      ADMINISTRATIVE ORGAN............................ 127


      1.     The Legal Basis............................................... 127


      2.     The Central Administration............................ 129


          a.       The Principal Administration.................... 129


          b. The Provincial Administration........................ 129


      3.     De-Centralised Administration....................... 130


          a.       Local Administrations.............................. 130


          b. Functionally De-Centralised Organisations.... 131


          c. Public Professional Organisations................... 132


III. PUBLIC POWER................................................ 133


      1. In General........................................................... 133


      2. Rule Making Powers of the Administration....... 135


      3. Judicial Review................................................... 136


          a. Claims Action................................................. 139


 


                        b. Annulment Action 139